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 Contact person Statistical Information Request form
European Central Bank
 Address PO Box 16 03 19
Frankfurt am Main
Germany, D-60066
  Source agency European Central Bank (ECB)
  Short presentation of data items The nominal effective exchange rate (EER) index is a summary measure of the external value of a currency vis-à-vis the currencies of the most trading partners, while the real EER - obtained by deflating the nominal rate with appropriate price or cost indices - is the most commonly used indicator of international price and cost competitiveness. Daily spot exchange rates provided by the Market Operations Division.
  Analytical framework The methodology used to compute the trade weights on which the ECB nominal and real EER are based is similar to that underlying the EER published by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). This methodological framework has been commonly agreed by the 15 NCBs of the then former EU Member States.
  National currency EUR
  Types of data source ECB reference rates and Bloomberg data for bilateral EXR and Eurostat, European Commission, OECD, IMF CPI data.
  Reference period 1999Q1 = 100 (ECB), 2005=100 (EC)
  Seasonal adjustment none
  Periodicity Monthly
  Timeliness Monthly
  Catalog Download the series catalogue (complete list of series) of the dataset EXR (Public) (including the metadata): Excel 2013 or the earlier Excel versions.
Access by the public
  Means of release SDW, GESMES/TS to ESCB, Eurostat, BIS
  Monthly bulletin Statistics Bulletin, Section 8.1 and 8.2 of the "Euro area statistics" section.
  Hardcopy issn: 1830-0081; issn: 1830-0073
  Other ECB website
  Revision policy Moving weighting scheme with a 3-year update
  Timing Every 2-3 years
  Means of informing the public Statistics Bulletin
Quality references
  Title ECB Occasional Paper No.134 "Revisiting the effective exchange rate of the Euro", by Martin Schmitz, Maarten De Clercq, Michael Fidora, Bernadette Lauro and Cristina Pinheiro, June 2012
  Geographic coverage Effective exchange rates methodology
  Data collection daily
  List indicators used .
  Frequency with which source gathered daily
  Period used for gathering source data daily
  Adjustments none
  Aggregation Weighting method
  Index type Nominal exchange rates: Chain linked index
  Base period / reference period 1999Q1 = 100
  Validation Manual checks
  Verification of data Manual checks
  Consistency with other indicators European Commission EER indices (twice a year)
  Weights Overall trade weights
  Sources of weights Trade weights are based on extra-euro area manufacturing trade (SITC Sections 5-8)
  Nature of weights Trade weights take into account the "third market" effects
  Period of current index weights 1995-97, 1998-2000, 2001-03, 2004-06, 2007-09, 2010-12, 2013-15
  Frequency of weight updates 2-3-year update

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